Dermatologists have long been leaders and innovators in the development of cosmetic procedures. In the 1950s dermatologists performed pioneering work in the fields of dermabrasion and hair transplantation. Dermatologic surgery experienced a renaissance in the late 1960s and early 1970s that led to the founding of the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery. Early issues of the Journal of Dermatologic Surgery and Oncology (now Dermatologic Surgery) contained a wealth of information and groundbreaking studies to guide both practicing dermatologists and residents in training. Surgical dermatology became a vital part of dermatology residency training programs.